Stuttering is one of the most common speech impairments. Stuttering may and can affect anyone of any age. As of right now 70 million people worldwide suffer from stuttering and 3 million of those are in the United States alone. Many people wonder what causes stuttering and how to get rid of it. To begin, let’s focus on what causes stuttering.
Stuttering is genetic.
Like many other impairments, some are genetic. Stuttering is one of those genetic impairments. In fact, there is evidence that shows there is a genetic link to stuttering and it running through a family. With that, even though it may seem uncommon, stuttering is one of the most common speech impairments. Stuttering is considered to be a genetic abnormality that affects the region of the brain that is associated with speech and language.
The notability of stuttering does not become apparent until the a child reaches the ages from about two to four years. At this age boys suffer from twice as much as girls at that same age range. As the children grow the chance of boy having a stutter is increased three to four times more likely than a girl of the same age. Stuttering will effect at least 5% of all children at some point in their lifetime.
Stuttering may happen from developmental issues.
Developmental issues are not always physical and for stuttering sometimes emotional trauma or distress can cause a person to stutter. Some people begin to stutter due to the high expectation they are held to by the people in their lives or those people live very fast paced lives making communication harder at times. Those are the most extreme causes for stuttering.
Sometimes it is as simple as just learning how to speak. This is generally seen in young children because most young children at some point suffer from stuttering for a period of time. This is due in part to the delay of between the child’s speech and language abilities and their ability to vocalize those words.
Stuttering can be caused from medical trauma.
This form of stuttering is now called neurogenic stuttering and is caused by some injury to the central nervous system. These injuries may be from external forces including head trauma, like getting a head injury during sports. This doesn’t always hold true because other forces can come from within the body.
People who have suffered from a stroke may begin to recover and realize that they have developed a stutter. Other causes can be degenerative diseases like Parkinson’s or other diseases like meningitis or AIDS. Side effects of some drugs may cause someone to start stuttering also. The reason stuttering happens after any of these is because there is now difficulty to send signals from the brain to the nerves and muscles.
Now knowing what causes stuttering comes along the thought of how to get rid of a stutter. Unfortunately, there is no cure for stuttering and there is no overnight cure either. To be able to get rid of a stutter is usually requires treatment that will last longer. Most people go to therapy to treat their stutter. The treatment someone needs for stuttering ranges depending on the persons age, gender, prior speech abilities, and the severity of their stutter. For younger children, their treatment is better to happen earlier than later. This early treatment will reduce the chances of the stutter affecting them as they grow older and may help them lose the stutter. For teens and adults, they too go to therapy. At therapy they are taught to learn how to speak slower and regulate their breathing. This will help them better articulate what they want to say and help control their stutter. Stuttering may be common and there are many causes for it, but there are treatments to help those who suffer from stuttering.